The administrative rules and relations operate mainly in the field of administrative law and executive. Norms of administrative law constitute a general rule of conduct governing relations in government with authoritative method. This is one of the main features of administrative law to the civil law, in which the most common is a concurrence of wills between equal footing. Subjects relating to administrative norms have specific quality - they are entities based on administrative law. Administrative rules contained in legislation and regulations. The administrative rules have the same elements and norms in general - a hypothesis disposition and sanction. As a rule they are not in one provision, but often not in one act. For example, the penalty is usually covered only LAOP or at the end of every law has called. sanctioning.
There are different types of administrative rules. According to the nature of the rule - requiring, prohibiting, permitting, empowering. According to the role assigned to them - substantive and procedural. According territorial effects - general and specific territory.
Subject of the administrative law are these specific social relations between the subjects of administrative law that arise in the process of executive functions of public authorities. Relationships that arise can be vertical or horizontal. Horizontal is the relationship between entities are equal. They have no subordination, hierarchy, official or otherwise. Vertical relationships develop when the subjects are professional hierarchical dependence. Within the executive branch, without violating the principle of separation of powers, there law relations, law enforcement and justice.
Administrative law regulates relations connected with the performance of executive function. The main feature of the method of legal regulation is that it is authoritative. It depends on the nature of social relations. It depends on existing and established legal inequality between countries. In the most common case, legal changes have sided character. They depend on the will of the state body and lead to legal change in the person to whom it relates. The system of administrative law is determined by its regulatory function, the relationship between the executive and the public. There are substantive and procedural rules.
Definitely now one of the most discussed and hard laws is the copyright law. The copyright law was first approved in the United States, as federal law. It defines the legal framework for protecting copyright on inventions, works of art in all U.S. states. It is part of the U.S. federal law and is based on article 1, section 8, para. 8 of the U.S. Constitution, known as the paragraph on copyright, which states: "The Congress shall have Power [. . .] To promote the Progress of Science and useful Arts, by securing for limited Times to Authors and Inventors the exclusive Right to their respective Writings and Discoveries. ", which has unofficial translation: The Congress shall have power ... to promote the progress of science and useful arts, by protecting a limited time exclusive rights to authors and inventors on their respective works and discoveries.
This paragraph is on both the Copyright Act ("science", "authors", "works") and the Patent Law of the United States ("useful arts, inventors," "open"). It includes limits on the permissible scope of protected rights (exclusive rights to their works and discoveries) and duration (in time) for copyrights and patents.
1. Legal facts - Concept of Tax Act.
Formation, development and the repayment of tax relationships shall be carried out under the effect of tax rate. To occur such action is necessary in the social reality to show certain facts that tax rate associated effects of the formation, modification and extinguishment of relationships. Because of its legal significance these facts are called legal facts. Prof Tashev determine the legal facts of reality as facts established in the case of legal norms that serve as a criterion for assessing the facts of life and source to show subjective rights and obligations provided for in the disposition of that rule.
Legal facts provided in hypotesis rate of tax may be subdivided into two main groups: legal and corporate events.
Criterion for participation is that the human will
2. Legal events - these are such facts, in which content will deliberate manifestation of human will and in any case will not contain directed immediately to produce legal consequences. Legal events is not there is a will to implement legal tax rate.
So the category of events must be included in other volitional activities of economic nature (supply, gifts), directly to untargeted tax consequences, but in respect of which arises an obligation to pay taxes, fees, etc. Here the effect of view of civil law can be seen as an event from the perspective of tax law.